Lately, the term Industrial Revolution 4.0 has often been
mentioned on various occasions by many international figures. Some of you may
already understand the meaning of this term, though, there are still many who
do not understand what the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is.
The Industrial Revolution is a major change in the way
humans process resources and produce goods. The industrial revolution is a
phenomenon that occurred between the years 1750-1850, at that time, there were
large-scale changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation and
technology. These changes have an impact on social, economic and cultural
conditions in the world.
Industrial Revolution 1.0
The first Industrial Revolution occurred in the 18th
century, marked by the invention of a steam engine used for the production of
goods. At that time, in England, the steam engine was used as the first
mechanical loom that could increase the productivity of the textile industry. Human
and animal power which are the mainstay of work equipment have been replaced by
In addition, steam engines are also used in the field of
transportation. International transportation at that time was sea
transportation which still used wind power. However, the wind cannot be fully
relied on, because, it could be the wind blowing in the opposite direction or
even no wind at all. The use of wind power in transportation also began to
decrease since James Watt invented a steam engine that was far more efficient
and cheaper than the previous steam engine in 1776. With the steam engine, the
ship could sail for 24 hours straight if the steam engine was still supported
by wood and stone enough embers.
The Industrial Revolution made it possible for Europeans to send
warships to all corners of the world in a much shorter time. The imperialist
countries in Europe began to colonize the kingdoms in Africa and Asia. Apart
from colonialism, there was another impact of the Industrial Revolution, namely
environmental pollution due to steam engine fumes and other factory wastes.
Industrial Revolution 2.0
The Industrial Revolution 2.0 occurred at the beginning of
the 20th century. This industrial revolution is marked by the discovery of
electricity. Muscle energy which was replaced by a steam engine, slowly began
to be replaced again by electric power. Even so, there are still obstacles that
hamper the production process in the factory, namely transportation problems.
In the late 1800s, cars began to be mass produced. This mass production does
not necessarily make the production process take time, because each car must be
assembled from start to finish at the same point by a car assembler. That is,
to assemble many cars, the assembly process must be carried out by many people
who assemble the car at the same time.
The revolution occurred with the creation of the “Production Line” or Assembly Line that used the Conveyor Belt in the end of the 19th Century. This caused the production process to change completely because to complete one car, it did not require one person to … Read More..