Lately, the term Industrial Revolution 4.0 has often been mentioned on various occasions by many international figures. Some of you may already understand the meaning of this term, though, there are still many who do not understand what the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is.
The Industrial Revolution is a major change in the way humans process resources and produce goods. The industrial revolution is a phenomenon that occurred between the years 1750-1850, at that time, there were large-scale changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation and technology. These changes have an impact on social, economic and cultural conditions in the world.
The first Industrial Revolution occurred in the 18th century, marked by the invention of a steam engine used for the production of goods. At that time, in England, the steam engine was used as the first mechanical loom that could increase the productivity of the textile industry. Human and animal power which are the mainstay of work equipment have been replaced by machines
In addition, steam engines are also used in the field of transportation. International transportation at that time was sea transportation which still used wind power. However, the wind cannot be fully relied on, because, it could be the wind blowing in the opposite direction or even no wind at all. The use of wind power in transportation also began to decrease since James Watt invented a steam engine that was far more efficient and cheaper than the previous steam engine in 1776. With the steam engine, the ship could sail for 24 hours straight if the steam engine was still supported by wood and stone enough embers.
The Industrial Revolution made it possible for Europeans to send warships to all corners of the world in a much shorter time. The imperialist countries in Europe began to colonize the kingdoms in Africa and Asia. Apart from colonialism, there was another impact of the Industrial Revolution, namely environmental pollution due to steam engine fumes and other factory wastes.
The Industrial Revolution 2.0 occurred at the beginning of the 20th century. This industrial revolution is marked by the discovery of electricity. Muscle energy which was replaced by a steam engine, slowly began to be replaced again by electric power. Even so, there are still obstacles that hamper the production process in the factory, namely transportation problems. In the late 1800s, cars began to be mass produced. This mass production does not necessarily make the production process take time, because each car must be assembled from start to finish at the same point by a car assembler. That is, to assemble many cars, the assembly process must be carried out by many people who assemble the car at the same time.
The revolution occurred with the creation of the “Production Line” or Assembly Line that used the Conveyor Belt in the end of the 19th Century. This caused the production process to change completely because to complete one car, it did not require one person to … Read More..